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About Agriculture in Haryana

Haryana emerged as a separate State in the federal galaxy of the Indian Republic on November 1, 1966. With just 1.37% of the total geographical area and less than 2% of India’s population, Haryana has carved a place of distinction for itself during the past three decades. Whether it is agriculture or industry, canal irrigation or rural electrification, Haryana has marched towards modernity with leaps and bounds. Haryana is among the most prosperous states in India, having the highest per-capita income in the country.

The saga of Haryana from being as food deficit State on 1st November, 1966 to being the second largest contributor to the Central Pool of food grains is truly amazing. Our hard working farmers enable us to make the incredible contribution of 14 per cent to the Central Pool despite having only 1.4 per cent of the country’s total area. It is laudable that during 2015-16 food grain production of 163.33 lakh MTs was achieved. The State Government has launched Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojna to mitigate losses in the farm sector and provide financial support to the farmers in the event of failure of notified crops namely, paddy, bajra, maize and cotton in Kharif and wheat, barley, gram and mustard in the Rabi season.

The Government is also promoting organic farming through adoption of organic villages by making cluster of 50 acre each and arranging certification under “Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana”. To prevent burning of crop residue and its better management, the Government has proposed an action plan for straw management equipments, training and demonstrations. Indian Oil Corporation is in the process of setting up an ethanol based power plant in Panipat.

The Government’s “Horticulture Vision” is to double the area under horticulture and triple the horticulture production in the State by 2030. 15 percent of the total cultivated area is envisaged to be brought under horticulture, up from the existing 7.5 percent.

The Government has established the first Horticulture University in Karnal with three Regional Research Stations and envisions further international collaborations with global institutes and universities. Haryana State Co-operative Supply and Marketing Federation Limited (HAFED) procured Moong for the first time in the history of the State this year. State Advisory Prices being paid for Sugar Cane i.e. Rs. 320, Rs. 315, Rs. 310 for early, middle and late varieties of Sugar Cane are the highest in the country.

The total annual milk production for the year 2015-16 has reached 83.31 lakh tonnes taking up the per capita per day availability of milk to 835 grams, the second highest in the country. A Gokul Gram is being established at Government Livestock Farm, Hisar for quality indigenous cattle such as Hariana, Sahiwal, Tharparkar and Gir. The Gau Sewa Ayog constituted by the Government for the welfare and upkeep of GauVansh has initiated the process of establishment of Gau Abhyaranyas in Panipat and Hisar which shall provide appropriate shelter, fodder and veterinary care for stray cattle.

As many as 37 mandis in the State have been connected with the e-NAM (National Agricultural Market) scheme to make the system for marketing of agricultural produce smooth, transparent and farmer/arhtiya-friendly. Haryana ranks second in the country in fish productivity per hectare and has been declared as a ‘Fish Disease Free State’ by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research.

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